Lacrosse, invented by the Native Americans, is a popular team sport in North America and a national summer sport for Canada. It involves the use of nets, or "heads" as they are called, which consist of a wooden or metal shaft with a net on the end. Hockey is a game based on this sport.
It was mostly a boy’s game until a few years ago, and now it is played by both boys and girls. Lacrosse is a game that many people had versions of like eastern Cherokee ball-play was basically lacrosse with a different name to it. From the early data they will never really find out much of the history.
There are about three different forms of lacrosse based on the different tribes or places of how they played it. One of the ways still played today is called double stick; you play by using a two and a half foot stick in each hand and tossing a deer skin ball in between the two sticks.
The name “lacrosse” was named by the French settlers; with “Crosse” meaning curved stick it is called the curved stick. Lacrosse played a more serious role in Indian culture than anywhere else. Lacrosse was not a very well-known sport until the late nineteenth century. Now more than half a million people are playing. Now there are a lot of people playing lacrosse all over the world.
The object of the game is to score points by shooting the ball into the opponent´s goal. Each goal is worth 1 point. The teams with the most points at the end of the game wins.
A lacrosse team has 10 players:
- 1 goalkeeper
- 3 defenders
- 3 midfielders, or wings
- 3 offensive players, called attackers
Each team must keep at least 4 players (including the goalkeeper) in its defending half of the field and 3 in the offensive half.
Center face-off are used to start the game and after each goal. Players shoot and pass the ball to their teammate using the crosse, trying to score a goal by throwing (shooting) the ball into the opponent´s goal.
The following general rules govern game play:
- Shots on goal must be made from outside the goal area (also called the crease)
- Attacking or offensive players may not enter the crease but may reach into the crease with the crosse to catch or retrieve a ball.
- If a ball or a player with the ball goes out-of-bounds, the other team gets a free play. Free play is an unobstructed throw in at the point where the ball went out-of-bounds.
- Opposing team players must stay 5 yards (4.57 meters) away during a free play.
- Goalies (goalkeeper) are the only players allowed to touch the ball with their hands.
The game of lacrosse is played using a lacrosse stick (crosse) and ball, but players are required to wear gloves and helmet with a face mask. Goalies are also required to wear a throat protector.
- The crosse is made of laminated wood, plastic, or synthetic material with a net pocket at the head.
- The lacrosse ball is made of solid rubber, is 19.1-20.3 centimeters in circumference, and weighs 141.7 to 148.8 grams.